Richard Quigley

Richard Francis Quigley is the author of Ipse, Ipsa, Ipsum, Which? (New York, 1890), a defence of the question of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Born in Newcastle on November 15, 1848, Richard Quigley studied at Saint Michael's College in Chatham before moving on to study law at Harvard (LLB 1874) and Boston College (BCL 1875). He practiced law in Saint John, NB. There, throughout the 1880s, he published a series of letters defending the theological doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in a debate with a local minister. In 1891, Quigley's letters were published in New York as a book under the title Ipse, Ipsa, Ipsum, Which? Controversial Letters in Answer to the Above Question.

The book caused a sensation among Catholics in North America and elsewhere—so much that Pope Leo XIII conferred a PhD on Quigley in 1891. This is the highest honour which the Vatican can bestow upon a layperson, and Quigley was the first North American to receive the honour. That same year, Quigley was awarded an honourary Doctorate in Law (LLD) from Laval University.

Dr. Quigley lived the life of an accomplished lawyer and academic. He continued to practice law in Saint John and to work for various governments until his death in 1918.